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Name Thomas Russell 's is synonymous with the Lancashire watch making industry and is an icon to view the purists and fans around the world. But how did to become a watchmaker and why Lancashire played an important role in the watch industry is a fascinating history.

In the 17th century farmers and farm workers who needed to supplement your income during the winter months undertook much of the work of watchmaking. In and around Lancashire this was particularly important and the proximity of the metal, the availability of thin metal tools and the port of Liverpool helped the growth of the industry. At the 18th century clock parts were subcontracted to small farms and cottages throughout the region.

Another factor in the growth of this cottage industry the high overhead costs were lower than those enjoyed by farmers in part-time workers in their own homes. Elsewhere wages were the main contributor to the total cost of manufacturing watch with the cost of raw materials in addition to gold and silver used in the manufacture of expensive cases, relatively small.

One commentator notes that, "Prescott to Liverpool eight miles in a straight line, the field was littered with the houses of those involved in the spring, wheel cutters, chain makers, case makers, dial makers – all specialties that went into the manufacture of a clock. "A late 18th century between 150,000 and 200,000 watches a year were being produced by this system, the satisfaction of national needs exact timing revolution took industrial.

Lancashire subcontracting system allows the production of watch movements at prices so low that in the late 18th century the Lancashire manufacturers supplied the majority of companies large clock in London, Coventry and Liverpool. All that these companies had to do was make or source of its own question mark, and then reassemble the clock.

Thomas Russell joined the hive of activity in 1848 when he moved his business as a manufacturer of watches at Slater Street, in Liverpool. The city was a major seaport and the manufacture of clocks and timers on board became an important source of revenue for the business.

Father Thomas Russell, also called Thomas Russell (1780-1830), founder of this dynasty of watches, was born in a small village in Eskdale Cumberland. He served his time in the clock in New San Broughton-in-Furness Lancashire William Bellman, who then served his time officer with William Wakefield on the market of San Lancaster where he later started his own business in the same street.

He had two sons, one named Thomas married Mary in 1831. He also had two children, Robert Thomas (1833-1894) was born in Lancaster and Holgate Alfred Russell (1840-1893). In about 1840 the family moved to Halifax creation of a watchmaking company in Lord St. It was there that Alfred was born.

By 1848 the family had moved again and the records show that Thomas Russell was a manufacturer of watches premises where 20 or 22 Slater Street, Liverpool and later at number 32 on the same street. Thomas Russell was here no doubt became Liverpool s' Best watchmaker and the business produces quality watches and clocks, including the celebrated Russell Hunter pocket watch. Thomas Sr. and his eldest son Robert Thomas was granted a Royal Warrant by Queen Victoria indicating their rapid progress in the manufacture of watch.

Around 1859, Thomas handed over control of the business to his sons Robert and Thomas Holgate Alfred and the company changed its name to Thomas Russell & Son. After the death of Thomas Russell in 1867 the company split in two, the business side remained under the same name and was directed by Alfred Russell and Thomas ran Limited. Retail trade became importers of Swiss watches and music boxes.

In 1877 the company had transferred the business, once again, this time at the Cathedral Works, 12 Church Street, Liverpool, with additional offices in Piccadilly, London and Toronto, Canada. He was known as the watch timer Russell and factory and included in 1880 as "clock and timer, and manufacturers of machine made lever unlocked and jewelry dealers "and also" by appointment to Her Majesty the Queen and human resources management of the Duke of Edinburgh and the Admiralty. "

After the death of Queen Victoria, Thomas Russell yet signed their watches "Manufacturers of Queen Victoria, although officially the order had ceased with the death of Queens. This was tolerated for a while before you remove it from their clocks.

Following the death of Robert and Alfred Thomas Holgate, the son of Alfred Holgate Bernard Russell and his cousin Thos Russell Townsend took over the company and the company name was changed in 1894 to Russell Limited. From this date, it appears that continued As retail jewelers with several branches in Liverpool and, in the early 1900's, Manchester and Llandudno as well.

Bernardo was married and had a son Thomas Graham (1906-1999). In 1915 Townsend Thos Russell Bernard and Joseph Wright invited to become a co-director of Thos Russell & Son. Joseph had large volume knowledge exchanges, and has traveled widely with business contacts in Switzerland and experience working with the famous U.S. Illinois View Case Co.

The children of These directors all seemed to have worked in the business and run in subsequent years. During WW2 Joseph Wright upheld the bankruptcy despite the scarcity of war materials and men until the children returned from the war. In about 1994, both retailing Liverpool Russells Ltd workshops and offices in 12 Church Street closed its doors one last time.

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C Ward (Christopher Ward), who grew up in Liverpool, was inspired to create his C1 Russell watch by the designs of 19th century watch maker Thomas Russell. Christopher bought a Liverpool watch with his first pay packet. Later, while training with Woody Lam, the first watch he restored was a Thomas Russell Hunter pocket watch and this became the inspiration for the C1 Russell. The current range of Christopher Ward watches, including the C1 Russell and other mens watches are becoming collectors items in their own right.

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